Notes on Specifications
A set of precise and clear specifications is a prerequisite for Bidders to respond realistically and competitively to the requirements of the Procuring Entity without qualifying or conditioning their Bids. In the context of international competitive bidding, the specifications must be drafted to permit the widest possible competition and, at the same time, present a clear statement of the required standards of workmanship, materials, and performance of the goods and services to be procured. Only if this is done will the objectives of economy, efficiency, and fairness in procurement be realized, responsiveness of Bids be ensured, and the subsequent task of bid evaluation facilitated. The specifications should require that all goods and materials to be incorporated in the Works be new, unused, of the most recent or current models, and incorporate all recent
improvements in design and materials unless provided otherwise in the Contract.
Samples of specifications from previous similar projects are useful in this respect. The use of metric units is mandatory. Most specifications are normally written specially by the Procuring Entity or its representative to suit the Works at hand. There is no standard set of Specifications for universal application in all sectors in all regions, but there are
established principles and practices, which are reflected in these PBDs.
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There are considerable advantages in standardizing General Specifications for repetitive
Works in recognized public sectors, such as highways, ports, railways, urban housing,
irrigation, and water supply, in the same country or region where similar conditions
prevail. The General Specifications should cover all classes of workmanship, materials,
and equipment commonly involved in construction, although not necessarily to be used in a particular Works Contract. Deletions or addenda should then adapt the General
Specifications to the particular Works.
88 Care must be taken in drafting specifications to ensure that they are not restrictive. In the specification of standards for goods, materials, and workmanship, recognized international standards should be used as much as possible. Where other particular standards are used, whether national standards or other standards, the specifications should state that goods, materials, and workmanship that meet other authoritative standards, and which ensure substantially equal or higher quality than the standards mentioned, will also be acceptable. The following clause may be inserted in the SCC.
Sample Clause: Equivalency of Standards and Codes Wherever reference is made in the Contract to specific standards and codes to be met by the goods and materials to be furnished, and work performed or tested, the provisions of the latest current edition or revision of the relevant standards and codes in effect shall apply, unless otherwise expressly stated in the Contract. Where such standards and codes are national, or relate to a particular country or region, other authoritative standards that ensure a substantially equal or higher quality than the standards and codes specified will be
accepted subject to the Procuring Entity’s Representative’s prior review and written
consent. Differences between the standards specified and the proposed alternative
standards shall be fully described in writing by the Contractor and submitted to the
Procuring Entity’s Representative at least twenty eight (28) days prior to the date when the Contractor desires the Procuring Entity’s Representative’s consent. In the event the
Procuring Entity’s Representative determines that such proposed deviations do not ensure substantially equal or higher quality, the Contractor shall comply with the standards specified in the documents.
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These notes are intended only as information for the PRO Procuring Entity or the person
drafting the Bidding Documents. They should not be included in the final Bidding